Democracy: In the Words of Vladimir Putin

CERDAFIED - Do you ever wonder what the other leaders and super powers of the world think about the New World Order?  Though most of the leaders are pretending the Emperor’s new clothes are made of the finest silk, so they don’t appear unfit for office, it may surprise you to learn that there are some leaders who disagree with this international agenda to form one international government.

With Russia enjoying their new democracy, they are surprised at our leaders’ willingness to shed its democratic and sovereign skin.  Russian Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin, is sounding more American than our own leaders, who seem to slither from unconstitutional bill to unconstitutional bill, ignoring their constitutional oaths.  

So I looked for some insight into Vladimir’s opinion on the matter, and found his interesting and revealing speech. Not a speech he made to his countrymen in order to gain votes, but one he made to world leaders, in order to speak realistically about our world leaders inability to lead peacefully, openly, at anytime in history.  He simply tells the Emperor that he is not wearing clothes!  Perhaps you will enjoy his speech as much as I.

Vladimir Putin speech at the Nov 20th, 2008 Munich security Conference: topic -  “Global Crisis, Global Responsibility Conference.”

I am truly grateful to be invited to such a representative conference that has assembled politician, military officials, entrepreneurs and experts from more than 40 nations. This conference structure allows me to avoid excessive politeness and the need o speak in a roundabout way, pleasant but empty diplomatic terms. This conference forum will allow me to say what I really think about International security problems. And if my comments seem unduly polemical, pointed, or inexact to our colleagues then I would ask you not to get angry with me. After all, this is only a conference. And I hope that after the first two or three minutes of my speech Mr. Teltschik will not turn on the red light over there.

Therefore, it is well known that international security compromises much more than issues relating to military and political stability. It involves the stability of the global economy, overcoming poverty, economic security and developing a dialogue between civilizations. This universal, indivisible character of security is expressed by as the basic principle that “security for one is security for all”. As Franklin D. Roosevelt said the first few days that the Second World War was breaking out: “When peace has been broken anywhere, the peace of all countries everywhere is in danger.”  These words remain topical today.

Incidentally, the theme of our conference - “Global Crises, Global Responsibility” – exemplifies this. Only two decades ago the world was ideologically and economically divided and it was the huge strategic potential of two super powers that ensured global security. This global standoff pushed the sharpest economic and social problems to the margins of the international community’s and the world’s agenda. And just like any war, the cold war left us with live ammunition, figuratively speaking. I am referring ideological stereotypes, double standards and other typical aspects of Cold War Bloc thinking.

The unipolar world had been proposed after the cold war, did not take place either. The history of humanity certainly has gone through unipolar periods and seen aspirations to world supremacy. And what hasn’t happened in world history? However, what is a unipolar world? However one might embellish this term, at the end of the day it refers to one type of situation, namely one centre of authority, one centre of force, one centre of decision making. It is a world in which there is one master, one sovereign.  And at the end of the day, this is pernicious not only for all those within the system, but also for the sovereign itself because it destroys itself from within. And this certainly has nothing in common with democracy because, as you know, democracy is the power of the majority in light of the interests and opinions of the minority.  Incidentally, Russia –we- are constantly being taught about democracy. But for some reason those who teach us do not want to learn themselves.

I consider that the unipolar model is not only unacceptable but also impossible in today’s world. And this is not only because, if there was individual leadership in today’s – and precisely today’s - world, then the military, political and economic resources would not suffice. What is even more important is that the model is flawed because of its basis there is and can be no moral foundations for modern civilizations.  Along with this, what is happening in today’s world – and we just started to discuss this -  is a tentative to introduce precisely this concept  into international affairs, the concept of unipolar world.

And with which results? Unilateral and frequent illegitimate actions have not resolved any problems. Moreover, they have caused new human tragedies and created new centers of tension. Judge for yourself:  wars as well as local and regional conflicts have not diminished. Mr. Teltschik mentioned this very gently. And no less people perish in these conflicts – even more are dying than before. Significantly more! Today we are witnessing an almost uncontained hyper use of force – military force- in international relations, force that is plunging the world into the abyss of permanent conflicts. As a result, we do not have sufficient strength to find a comprehensive solution to any one of these conflicts.

We are seeing a greater and greater disdain for the principles of international law. And independent norms are, as a matter of fact, coming increasingly closer to one state’s legal system. One state and of course, first and foremost the United States, has over stepped its national borders in every way. This is visible in the economic, political, cultural and educational policies it imposes on other nations.  Well who likes this? Who is happy about this?

In international relations we increasingly see the desire to resolve a given question according to so-called issues of political expediency, based on the current political climate. And of course this is extremely dangerous. It results in the fact that no one feels safe. I want to emphasize this – NO ONE FEELS SAFE! Because no one can feel that international law is like a stonewall that will protect them.

Of course such a policy stimulates an arms race. The forces dominance inevitably encourages a number of countries to acquire weapons of mass destruction. Moreover, significantly new threats – though they were also well known before - appeared and today threats such as terrorism have taken on a global character.

I am convinced that we have reached that decisive moment when we must seriously think about the architecture of global security. And we must proceed by searching for a reasonable balance between the interests of all participants in the international dialogue. Especially since the international landscape is so varied and changes so quickly – changes in light of the dynamic development in a whole number of countries and regions. Madam Federal Chancellor already mentioned this.

The combined GDP measured in purchasing power parity of countries such as India and China is already grater than that of the United States. And a similar calculation with the GDP of the BRIC countries – Brazil, Russia, India, and China – surpasses the cumulative GDP of the EU. And according to experts this gap will only increase in the future. There is no reason to doubt that the economic potential of the new centers of global economic growth will inevitably be converted into political influence and will strengthen multi-polarity.  In connection with this, the role of multi-internal diplomacy is significantly increasing.


The need for such principles such as openness, transparency and predictability in politics is uncontested and the use of force should be a really exceptional measure, comparable to using the death penalty in the judicial systems of certain states. However, today we are witnessing the opposite tendency, namely a situation in which countries that forbid the death penalty, even for murders and other dangerous criminals are airily participating in military operations that are difficult to consider legitimate. And as a matter of fact, these conflicts are killing people, hundreds and thousands of civilians! But at the same time the question arises of whether we should be indifferent and aloof to various internal conflicts inside countries, to authoritarian regimes to tyrants, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction?

As a matter of fact, this was also the center of the question that or dear colleague Mr. Lieberman asked the Federal Chancellor. Can we be indifferent observers in view of what is happening? I will try to answer your question as well: Of course not. But do we have the means to counter these threats? Certainly we do.

It is sufficient to look at recent history. Did not our country have a peaceful transition to democracy? Indeed, we witnessed a peaceful transition of the Soviet regime – a peaceful transformation. And what a regime!  With what a number of weapons, including nuclear weapons! Why should we start bombing and shooting now at every available opportunity? Is it the case when without the threat of mutual destruction, we do not have enough political culture, respect for democratic values and for the law?

I am convinced that the only mechanism that can make decisions about using military force as a last resort is the charter of the United Nations. And in connection with this, either I did not understand what our colleague, the  Italian Defense Minister, just said  of what he said was inexact, In any case, I understand that the use of force can only be legitimate when the decision is taken by NATO, the EU and the UH. If he really does think so, then we have different points of view. Or I didn’t hear correctly. The use of force can only be considered legitimate if the decisions are sanctioned by the UN. And we do not need to substitute NATO or the EU for the UN. When the UN will truly unite the forces of the international community and can really react to events in various countries, when we will leave behind this disdain for international law, then the situation will be able to change.

Otherwise the situation will simply result in a dead end, and the number of serious mistakes will be multiplied. Along with this, it is necessary to make sure that international law have a universal character both in the conception and application of its norms. And one must not forget that the democratic political actions necessarily go along with discussion and laborious decision-making process.

The potential danger of the destabilization of international relations is connected to the obvious stagnation in the disarmament issue. Russia supports the renewal of dialogue on this important question. It is important to conserve the international legal framework relating to weapons of mass destruction and therefore ensure continuity in the process of reducing nuclear weapons. Together with the United States of America we agreed to reduce our nuclear strategic missile capabilities to up to 1700 – 2000 nuclear warheads by 31, Dec. 2012. Russia plans to strictly fulfill the obligations it has taken on. We hope that our partners will also act in a transparent way and will refrain from laying aside a couple hundred superfluous nuclear warheads for a rainy day.

And if today the new American Defense Minister declares that the United States will not hide these superfluous weapons in warehouses or as one might say, under a pillow of under a blanket, then I suggest that we all rise and greet this declaration standing. It would be a very important declaration.  (No declaration was made)

Russia strictly adheres to and intends to further adhere to the “Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons” as well as multi-lateral supervision regime for missile technologies.

The principles incorporated in these documents are universal ones. In connection with this, I would like to recall that in 1980’s the USSR and the United States signed an agreement on destroying a whole range of small and medium range missiles but these documents do not have a universal character. Today many other countries have these missiles, including the democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Pakistan and Israel.

Many countries are working on these systems and plan to incorporate them as part of their weapons. And only the United States and Russia bear the responsibility to not create such weapon systems. It is obvious that in these conditions we must think abut ensuring our own security. At the same time, it is impossible to sanction the appearance of new destabilizing high-tech weapons.  

Needless to say, it refers to measures to prevent a new area confrontation, especially in outer space. Star Wars is no longer a fantasy – it is a reality. In the middle of the 1980’s our American partners were already able to intercept their own satellite. In Russia’s opinion, the militarization of outer space could have unpredictable consequences for the international community, and provoke nothing less than the beginning of a nuclear era.  And we have come forward more than once with initiatives designed to prevent the use of weapons in outer space.

Today I would like to tell you that we have prepared a project for an agreement on the prevention of deploying weapons in outer space. And in our near future, it will be sent to our partners as an official proposal. Let’s work on this together.

Plans to expand certain elements of the anti-missile defense system to Europe cannot help but disturb us. Who needs the next step of what would be, in this case, an inevitable arms race? I deeply doubt that Europeans themselves do. Missile weapons with a range of about 5-8 thousand kilometers that really pose a threat to Europe so not exist in any of the so-called “problem countries”. And in the near future and prospects, this will not happen and not even foreseeable.

And any hypothetical launch of for example, a Northern Korean rocket to American territory through Western Europe obviously contradicts the laws of ballistics. As we say in Russia, it would be like using the right hand to reach the left ear. And here in Germany I cannot help but mention the pitiable condition of the Treaty Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.  The adopted Treaty Conventional Armed Forces was singed in 1999. It took into account a new geographical reality, namely the elimination of the Warsaw Bloc.

Seven years have passed and only four states have ratified this document, including Russian Federation. NATO countries openly declared that they will not ratify this treaty, including the provisions on flank restrictions, on deploying a certain number of armed forces in the flank zones, until Russia removed it’s military bases from Georgia and Moldova. Our army is leaving Georgia, even according to an accelerated schedule. We resolved the problems we had with our Georgian Colleagues, as everybody knows. There are still 1,500 servicemen in Moldova that are carrying out peace keeping operations and protecting warehouses with ammunitions left over from Soviet times. We constantly discuss this issue with Mr. Solana and he knows our position.  We are ready to work further in this direction.

But what is happening at the same time? Simultaneously the so-called flexible frontline American bases appear Bulgaria and Romania with up to 5000 men in each. It turns out that NATO has put its frontline forces on our borders, and we continue to strictly fulfill the treaty obligations and do not react to these actions at all.

I think it is obvious that NATO expansion does not have any relation with the modernization of the Alliance itself or with insuring security in Europe. On the contrary, it represents a serious provocation that reduces the level of mutual trust. And we have the right to ask: Against whom is this expansion intended? And what happened to the assurances our western partner made after the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact? Where are those declarations today? No one can even remember them. But I will allow myself to remind this audience what was said.

I would like to quote a speech of NATO General Secretary in Brussels on 17, May 1990. He said at the time: “the fact that we are ready not to place a NATO army outside of German Territory gives the Soviet Union a firm security guarantee”. Where are these guarantees?

The stones and concrete blocks of the Berlin Wall have long been distributed as souvenirs. But we should not forget that the fail of the Berlin wall was possible thanks to a historical choice – one that was also made by our people, the people of Russia, - a choice in favor of democracy, freedom, openness and a sincere partnership with all the members of the big European family. And now they are trying to impose new dividing lines and wall on us – these walls may be virtual but they are nevertheless dividing, ones that cut through our continent.  And it is possible that we will once again require many years and decades, as well as several generations of politicians, to dissemble and dismantle these new walls.

We are unequivocally in favor of strengthening the regime of non-proliferation. The present international legal principles allow us to develop technologies to manufacture nuclear fuel for peaceful purposes. And many countries with all good reasons want to create their own nuclear energy as a basis for their energy independence. But we also understand that these technologies can be quickly transformed into nuclear weapons. This creates serious international tensions.

The situation surrounding the Iranian nuclear program acts as a clear example. And if the international community does not find a reasonable solution for resolving this conflict of interests, the world will continue to suffer similar, destabilizing crises because there are more threshold countries than simply Iran. We both know this. We are going to constantly fight against the threat of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Last year Russia put forward the initiative to establish international centers for the enrichment of uranium. We are open to the possibility that such centers not only be created in Russia but also in other countries where there is a legitimate basis for using civil nuclear energy. Countries that want to develop their nuclear energy could guarantee that they will receive fuel through direct participation in these centers. And the centers would of course, operate under strict IAEA supervision.

The latest Initiatives put forward by American President George W, Bush are in conformity with Russian objectively and equally interested in strengthening the regime of the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their employment. It is precisely our countries with leading nuclear and missile capabilities that must act as leaders in developing new, stricter non-proliferation measures. Russia is ready for such work. We are engaged in consultations with our American friends.

In general, we should talk about establishing a whole system of political incentives and economic stimuli whereby it would be in states interests to establish their own capabilities in the nuclear fuel cycle but they would still have the opportunity to develop nuclear energy and strengthen their energy capabilities.  In connection with this, I shall talk about international cooperation in more detail.  Madam Federal Chancellor also spoke about this briefly – she touched on the theme.

In the energy sector Russia intends to create uniform market principles and transparent conditions for all. It is obvious that energy prices must be determined by the market instead of being the subject of political speculation, economic pressure or blackmail. We are open to cooperation.

 

Foreign companies participate in all our major energy projects. According to different estimates, up to 26 % of the oil extraction in Russia, and please think about this figure, up to 26% of the oil extraction in Russia is done by foreign capitol. Try, Try to find me a similar example where Russian business participation extensively in key economic sectors in western countries. Such examples do not exist! There are no such examples.

I would also recall the parity of foreign investments in Russia and these Russia makes abroad. The parity is about 15 to 1. And here you have an obvious example of openness and stability of the Russian economy. Economic security is the sector in which we all must adhere to uniform principles. We are ready to compete fairly.

For that reason more and more opportunities are appearing in the Russian economy. Experts and our western partners are objectively evaluating these changes.  As such, Russia OFCD sovereign credit rating improved and Russia passed from the fourth to the third group. And today in Munich, I would like to use this occasion to thank our German colleagues for their help in the above decision.

Furthermore, as you know, the process of Russia joining the WTO has reached its final stages. I would point out that during long difficult talks we have heard words about freedom of speech, free trade, and equal opportunities more than once but for some reason exclusively in reference to the Russian market.

And there is still one more important theme that directly affects global security. Today many talk about the struggle against poverty. What is actually happening in this sphere? On the one hand, financed resources are allocated for programs to help the world’s poorest countries – and at times substantial financial resources.  But to be honest – and many also know this – linked with the development of that same donor countries companies. And on the other hand, developed countries simultaneously keep their agriculture subsidies and limit some countries access to high-tech products. And let’s say things as they are – one hand distributes charitable help and the other hand not only preserves economic backwardness but also reap the profits thereof.

The increasing social tension in depressed regions inevitably result in the growth of radicalism, extremism, feeds terrorism and local conflicts. And if all this happens in, shall we say, a region such as the Middle East where there is increasingly the sense that the world is unfair, then there is  the risk of global destabilization. It is obvious that the worlds leading countries should see this threat. And they should therefore build a more democratic fairer system of global economic relations, a system that would give everyone the chance and the possibility to develop.

Speaking at the conference on Security Policy, it is impossible not to mention the activities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). As is well-known, this organization was created to examine all – I shall emphasize this – ALL aspects of security: Military, political, economic, humanitarian and especially the relations between these spheres. What do we see happening today? We see that this balance is clearly destroyed. People are trying to transform the OSCE into a vulgar instrument designed to promote the foreign policy interests of one or a group of countries. And this task is also being accomplished by OSCE’s bureaucratic apparatus which is absolutely not connected with the state founders in any way.

Decision –making procedures and the involvement of so-called non-governmental organizations are tailored for this task. These organizations are formally independent but they are purposefully financed and therefore under control. According to the founding documents, in the humanitarian sphere the OSCE is designed to assist country members in observing international human rights norms at their request. This is an important task.  We support this. But this does not mean interfering in the internal affairs of other countries, and especially not in imposing a regime that determines how these states should live and develop. It is obvious that such interference does not promote the development of democratic states at all.

On the contrary, it makes them dependant and, as a consequence, politically and economically unstable. We expect that the OSCE be guided by its primary tasks and build relations with sovereign states based on respect, trust and transparency.

In conclusion, I would like to note the following. We very often – hear appeals by our partners, including our European partners, to the effect that Russia should play an increasingly active role in world affairs. In connection with this, I would allow myself to make one small remark. It is hardly necessary to incite us to do so.  

Russia is a country with a history that spans more than a thousand years and has practically always used the privilege to carry out an independent foreign policy. We are not going to change this tradition today. At the same time, we are well aware of how the world has changed and we have a realistic sense of our own opportunities and potential. And of course we would like to interact with also independent and responsible partners with whom we could work together in constructing a fair democratic world order that would ensure security and prosperity not only for a select few, but for all.

(Lisa Cerda is a contributor to CityWatch, a community activist, Chair of Tarzana Residents Against Poorly Planned Development, and former Tarzana Neighborhood Council board member. Ms. Cerda’s views are her own and do not reflect or represent the views of CityWatch.) –cw







CityWatch
Vol 10 Issue 58
Pub: July 20, 2012